Student Study for Important Industries in Ecuador Education

Ecuador has many powerful industries. The two most important industries that are vital to Ecuador’s economic wellbeing are petroleum (crude oil) and agriculture. Per Sector, industries account for 36.1 percent of Ecuador’s GDP. Their industry accounts for 25 percent of the labor force, which is around one million. Chief industrial exports are petroleum and agricultural goods. The agricultural industry exports lots of coffee and bananas. Ecuador has a positive country-of-origin effect for roses, which they are internationally praised for growing. The high altitude in Ecuador’s Andes Mtn. Range gives them a geographical advantage.


Ecuador relies on two volatile and fluctuating industries which are held responsible for the wellbeing of Ecuador’s economy. This is because the chief products of these industries are primary products. Globally, demand for primary products is volatile, compared to manufacturing. A result of this riskiness would be the economic downturn in 1999 which drastically increased poverty and shrunk GDP. This resulted from two strokes of misfortune in 1998 when international prices for oil decreased and their shrimp were struck by a virus.

chorizos with llapingachos

Petroleum is the major industry in Ecuador and their economy relies heavily of the fluctuating international price of oil. The nation’s largest oil field is ‘Occidental's Eden Yuturi’ which, in the first half of 2004, produced more than 75,500 barrels of oil per day. Another geographical advantages that Ecuador has in industry is Ecuador’s Amazon basin which facilitated their membership into OPEC (Oil and Petroleum Exporting Countries). Petroleum accounts for one-third of public sector revenue and 40% of export earnings in 2002. Ecuador’s constitution grants subsurface resources as the property of the state, which means the government owns all the untapped oil reserves. This differs from the United States, where subsurface resources belong to the owner of the property, and allowed for many industrial giants.

Even today, their petroleum industry expands. The two major oil pipelines in Ecuador are the Sistema Oleducto Trans-Ecuatoriano (SOTE) and the Oleducto de Crudos Pesados (OCP). The three hundred ten miles of pipeline making up the Sistema Oleducto Trans-Ecuatoriano can transport more than four hundred thousand barrels per day and the shorter, three hundred mile Oleducto de Crudos Pesados can move around four hundred fifty thousand barrels per day.

fanesca- ec shrimp & soupy
Ecuador’s industry is in favor of servicing their domestic market. However, in 2000, in an attempt to fix their troubled economy, Ecuadorian citizens had to begin paying international oil prices, which meant many citizens couldn’t afford gas. This is because before the reform, the government granted large price subsidies on domestic oil, driving down the price of gasoline for individuals and created inexpensive public transportation. As a result of these regulations, according to a 2010 BP Statistical Energy Survey, Ecuador 2009 primary energy consumption was 12.39 million tonnes oil equivalent, 0.11% of the world total.

The agricultural industry of Ecuador is the second largest industry after petroleum. In addition to flowers, this industry produces and exports fresh tropical fruits, processed coffee and coffee beans, various wood products, chemicals, textiles, Cocoa, and metals. Canned fish has become more prevalent recently.

Ecuador is a gold mine for metal production and various mining industries. Ecuador had extensive and poorly established gold resources and other minerals. Ecuador mining industry produces cadmium, copper, gold, lead, silver, zinc, cement, bentonite, common clay, kaolin, feldspar, crude gypsum, silica (glass sand), ferruginous sand, stone, sand and gravel (limestone, marble, pozzolan, pumice), salt, and sulfur. Gold mining resulted more than nine and half percent increase of gold production in 2003 when compared to 2002 (2,750 kilograms of gold in 2002 and 3,020 kilograms of gold in 2003). This impressive increase in precious metals improved economic conditions and was facilitated by the mining industry.

The forest industry of Ecuador produces many wood products which is accomplished by the large dense forests of Ecuador. Their tropical forests contain more than 2,200 identified species of trees which can be refined for various production needs. The government again shows its control of resources by owning exclusive rights to more than half of the country’s forests. The Ecuadorian government owned forests accounts for 26,086,000 acres (10,557,000 hectares), or 38.1% of the total mainland area. The visible hand of the government, according to Adam Smith, is preventing industrial growth and progress. In 1999 deforestation by Ecuador’s forestry industry was 1.2 percent.

Ecuador has many other industries including a prevalent media business. Machinery, specifically printing machinery, is a growing service in Ecuador’s media industry. The use and access to internet has helped Ecuador’s industry and the internet country code is “.ec” unlike “.us” in the USA. The USA also controls the limited use of “.gov” and “.mil” (reserved for the US government and military respectively). The Research and Development Industry is heavily influenced by the government but still is a profitable and growing industry in Ecuador. In 2002, high technology exports were valued at thirty-four million dollars and shows a promising manufacturing future. Currently, their high technology industry has seen an increase in demand and as a result their manufacturing industry has improved.

Ecuador attracts lots of international tourists for many reasons. Certain mountains draw many hikers and outdoor enthusiasts. Beach buffs will enjoy the beautiful sandy beaches found in Ecuador. Examples of these beaches include Salinas, a big beach city about 1and a half hours outside of Guayaquil and is referred to as Ecuador’s Miami. The city of Montanita, is home to the beach known as the surfer’s beach because of its great waves and rocky terrain. The terrain is perfect for beach enthusiasts looking for a unique beach experience. Atacames/Esmeraldas: Two beaches that are well known as family get away beaches and attracts international vacationers and beach dwellers. Casablanca is a profitable tourist attraction for the “posh” to enjoy an exclusive and pricey vacation. Casablanca is full of big condos, hotels, and apartments for tourist to reside.

In addition to the beaches of Ecuador, another advantage to their tourist industry is the deliciousness and freshness of their local cuisine, which varies by region (coastal and mountainous). On the coast, the booming seafood industry in addition to favorable climates create delicious South American meals. Popular plates take advantage of the near-by coast line as well as the developed vegetation. Ecuadorian meals are usually more ‘soupy’ than other South American dishes. Popular Ecuadorian cuisine includes Conchas Asadas, Ceviche de Camaron, Guatita, Patacone, Bolon De verde (‘Bolon’ is a slang term that means large ball), and Cazuela De pescado. Ecuador’s mountainous cuisine includes Hornado, Cuy, Fritada, Llapingachos, Humitas, and Mecocha.

In addition, Ecuador’s tourism industry includes many hotspots for travelers. These ‘must-see’ spots include the Historical Colonial Quito, the Papallacta thermal baths, the Otavalo Indigenous Market, Midad del Mundo, the Galapagos Islands, and the Amazon River.

Ecuador hosts many international companies such as Roche. In Ecuador, ‘Quito’ means ‘Pharma.’ In January of 1994, the company decided to change their name and ‘Ecuaroche’ was simplified to just Roche. The company is a research-focused healthcare company that develops and provides innovative diagnostic and therapeutic products which deliver significant benefits to patients and professionals in the healthcare industry. American companies such as Ford Motors and Kimberly Clark have manufacturing plants in Ecuador as well. The temperate climate provides a comforting source for expatriates of these businesses.

In conclusion, Ecuador’s industry is composed of two primary businesses- petroleum and agriculture. In addition to these volatile international industries, Ecuador also has important industries that include forestry, mining, research and development, and high technology manufacturing.
Smith, Adam “The Wealth of Nations”

International Marketing for Special Advertisements

Russia uses sex to advertise many of their products. Women are viewed as objects and most Russian ads that use sex appeal would not be allowed in the United States or many other westernized countries. This happens because Russia still often oppresses women even though their country is becoming more capitalist. I think that women’s rights is another hurdle that Russia must overcome on their way to becoming westernized and Russia’s readiness to compete and market on an international level.

South Africa has laws regarding alcohol advertisement which are interesting and also restrictive and highly regulated. This may be due to the violence that has occurred in South Africa and maybe because of the country’s moon-shine businesses which I recently saw a video about. The laws for advertisements rule “no one depicted in the act of drinking in commercial communication may be younger than 25” or “suggest that alcohol beverages can contribute directly to sexual success.” I am not surprised by these laws but I think the laws about alcohol advertisement should be left as they currently are in the USA- which regulates mostly the audience of the alcohol promotion.
New Zealand has interesting laws regarding when advertisements can be shown. Running ads between programs is banned on Christmas Day, Good Friday, Easter Sunday, and also on Sunday mornings before midday. Also, environmental products and the claims advertisers make regarding the eco-friendliness of the product must be detailed and verifiable and not general. According to the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) New Zealand advertisers must comply with rules regulating the times their ads can broadcast. This makes sense to me because I have always seen New Zealand as consumer oriented and religious which would explain why ads can’t be shown on major Christian holidays. I agree with these rules too because I think it helps prevent exploiting the holidays for product sales.

Australia has an interesting advertising legislation that completely bans all advertising for tobacco products. In the US, tobacco is think this smart because Australia has one of the highest contents of ads in the world so the economy’s health improves as a result. By preventing products like tobacco from advertising, they help decrease the cancers and disease caused by the banned product. I think consumers demonstrate rational purchase behavior, except when it comes to addictive and health-hazardous consumption.

College Fantasy and Realities of College

It has always been understood that those who went to college were going to do financially better than their high-school diploma waving peers, around 1 million dollars better. This was based on taking a risk that higher education, instead of going straight into the labor market, would create a path for success. In a slow economy, many students are questioning if the prices are worth the end result. Even non-tuition such as textbooks and laundry can add to student debt. As the country's student loan debt reaches over one Trillion dollars, frustrated students and cautious high school graduates want to know if college is like a fantasy or if it's a cold and lonely academic pool of despair.

To measure future success of college graduates, the only factor being considered will be financial return on the investment. This will not include the loss of money that could of been accumulated by working instead of studying, nor does it factor the risk of not graduating. Ultimately, the future success of the college graduate or potential college student depends on the degree.

Sociology Degree:
The Fantasy: "I will get to help everyone!" I want to be able to help those and a degree in sociology will mold me into a Addictions Counselor, Corrections Officer, or Social Worker.
The Reality: Sociology coursework is easy, elementary simplistic and even the students know it. The average salary of a sociologist was $48,545 for a starting position. When comparing total tuition to the salary, this degree is hardly worth the four years, maybe six, required to obtain the job, in addition to any internships.

These brownies are special
As a high school graduate, if you aspire to be a graphic designer, painter, illustrator, or drawer, it is important to consider the cost of art school. Many techniques and training courses are available for free or for minimum cost on the internet. This offers the student time to strengthen their skills and also time to work, instead of being in debt for art school supplies, software, textbooks, and avoid the loss of time from a class schedule that prevents work. This also includes culinary arts and nursing assistants. These are all fields where a four year degree may be an improper decision. College being the wrong choice? Yes! Especially when all the variable are considered when it comes to getting a higher education. However, outside of these variables are infinite other variables that favor college regardless of starting salary because of the ability to network and create a group of friends.

Education Degree:
The Educational System Works
The Fantasy: Working as High School, Grade School, or lower-level teacher and helping children and young minds discover the world. Being able to teach and spread the most valuable gift of all- knowledge. In the fantasy, studying to become a teacher turns you into the coolest teacher ever.

The Reality: The public school system doesn't have such a great reputation for a reason. Teachers are known to be underpaid despite their importance to the country. The low pay also calls into question the lengthy amount of time spent in debt because profits are rarely seen for five years with these educational salaries.

Studying music, religion, philosophy, and other "softer" skills may not lead to the financial well being or comfort which students are desperate for during these economically challenging times. Now, the first two degrees showed very poor evidence supporting college education.
The following degrees and subject material are recommended by the blog to get the most out of college and in the work force.

Information Technology:
How Women View Information Technology Degrees
The Fantasy: Hours and hours spent in front of the computer while endlessly trying to memorize programming languages. Whether it's python, ruby, java, JavaScript,  Perl , MySQL,  or maybe the lovely C+, your life revolves around nothing but boring code and network errors.
The Reality: To say this area of training is in demand is like saying Dormer is kind of cool. India is creating information technology machines! Not literally, these machines happen to be part of the 80% of their population that has a degree in IT or Engineering and unrelated to the AOL machines. The coursework is also surprisingly simple, compared to the astrophysics and mechanical engineering requirements. So is it worth it? The starting salary is listed as one of the highest paying by Forbes, and it's literally the future of mankind. Not enough to convince even the most technically unsavy to enter the Information Technology field? Well their salary is one of the highest in the nation, and this is true throughout the global market, as a IT degree offers a grand $70,000 entry reward.

Country of Origin Effect and Education

A strong country-of-origin effect means that a country's name, attatched to a service or product, means it will be be positively received by the public. This is as obvious as having a Cambridge degree to as subtle as Swiss Bank accounts or degrees from Columbia. These criteria influence purchase decisions for students and target markets. Is the U.S.’s California wine region is catching up with France? Is the educational system of the United States catching up with competition overseas like in North Korea or China?

Switzerland and their delectable, rich chocolate. I have personally divulged in Swiss chocolate and can assure it does not compare with any US Hershey manufactured product or anything made by Nestle. When I see Swiss chocolate, I confirm on the back it was made in Switzerland and I purchase it without comparing it to any of the other competitors. The Swiss make some indulgent and delicious chocolate bars, however, the same cannot be said for a Nestle Crunch Bar.

Japan has a strong country-of-origin effect in regards to their electronic and technological industry. Unlike China, who will be seeing a positive change in their COO, Japan is facing the inverse. With a traditional society that is overpopulated, their sales will suffer because cost of production is too high. When comparing DVD players, video games, or even cars, I immediately recognize the skill and abilities specifically of Japan, even compared amongst the rest of the Asian communities, as superior and reliable. I believe countries such as North Korea and businesses such as Samsung, Apple, and Microsoft will be negatively impacting the country-of-origin effect present in Japan. When purchasing a television, I am very likely to go with a Japanese model than a domestic made product.


Does the country-of-origin effect sometimes negatively effect the reputation of a product? Many scholars have research which supports a negative country-of-origin effect can be see in educational institutions across the globe.

China has been known for products of inferior, cheap, inhumane or even deadly manufacturing standards. However, even after the incident with lead paint, China’s force in the global economy has not hesitated. Their disrespect of Intellectual Property laws will surely catch up with the country. If China continues to dominate manufacturing, while incrementally improving on product quality, their importance the global market will be reason enough to diminish negative connotation about Chinese made products. Chinese sweatshops raise ethical concerns among the conscientious consume and calls into question companies who choose to take advantage of these events. These negative perceptions spiked earlier in the century and are on the decline. China’s socialist and capitalist culture are proving to be a force to be reckoned with.

India has been known for poor customer support. This is going to change. India is developing at a remarkable rate and they are now consuming more coal than the top two consumers of coal in the United States. As Indian families continue to stress education and tradition it is likely AOL customer support with be easier to understand and communicate with. Because India is awake when everyone else sleeps, they are at a unique marketing advantage to change the way foreign customer’s views the support that is offered in India.

Complications arise when comparing data among countries such as the United States and India because of the different stages of market growth that India is experiencing. After constant struggles, India has a developed one of the most educated populations in the world, with a percentage of doctorate and engineering students that will surely overwhelm their competition. India has a very high literacy rate, however, like many emerging economies, the country still much grow as a ethical society and allow women the chance to learn to read and work. The strict regulations of Korea's educational system give their country a very strong effect when merged with school because of their dedication to standardization. The picture below is one of a North Korean school boy who had to get a haircut to conform with his school's rules for acceptable appearance. Is standardization necessary in an economy that favor creative innovation? This blog absolutely supports maximum autonomy, however, there must also be ample opportunity for students to apply what they have learned in personal areas of their career, to encourage innovation and growth.

Haircut for School

Many countries have stronger educational programs than the United States on an elementary level. North Korea's grade schools are strict and designed to develop a highly educated public. However, the higher level of education, can hardly compete with a United States Ivy League program or some of the prestigious universities of the United Kingdom.

Country-of-Origin Effect

The one aspect of education which must be addressed, is the lack of creativity and discipline found in institution world-wide but especially here at home. This is because memorization techniques will only give the academic opportunities to achieve substandard goals. China, India, Russia, the USA, Pakistan, Bulgaria, Japan, and Switzerland all have developed into powerful nations and their education system represents a strong relationship between ethnocentric and nationalistic beliefs combined with objective results and statistics.

Online Education: MIT degrees over Internet

Do students of online education courses cheat? Are you a doctorate student of the internet or for the internet? Certainly, with less supervisor and access to the internet and world wide web, the temptation to break the rules would seem enormous. Without a professor supervising the exam, why not just look up the answer on a cellphone that many college students have, or call a friend? Especially when using online resources means saving time on online education to feed your kids or make sure that one of the baby-daddy's actually paid his child support. Almost 23% of college graduates have participated or enrolled in an online course at one time or another.
Campus's located on a physical grounds  are also claiming stake in the online course with 77% claiming to have offered online programs. MIT and Harvard, both respected Ivy League schools, offer online training for free in courses such as computer science to art and information. These are perfect substitutes if financially a student is already in debt or is not aware of their loans and interest rates. With websites already made to force blatant plagiarism in the past, by detecting common and coinciding data, to help students learn how to read and write on their own. Just because twitter has a word limit, does not apply to the graduates 30 page research paper on the history of art and law. This research paper, coincidentally  can be shrunk down to a 1 page double spaced essay with large font if the student decides to simply buy software or test banks from online to create an unfair advantage over the competing students in the course.
Women online.
When tests and quizzes are not proctored it becomes easier for students to dishonor their education and cheat, and a quarter of students admit they have done such an offense during a quiz that was not proctored. Professors all over the country are revealing anti-plagiarism policies, especially in Michigan, but is it working? This applies to many online services such as tutoring  Sometimes, tutors have been known to scam students by taking all their money upfront and offering a sub-par service. Women and minorities feel challenged when it comes to computers and online education because computers and the internet was created by those in power to be difficult on purpose. A television isn't difficult and neither is a kitchen.
I mean come on, you didn't sign up to be a nurses assistant for nothing did you? Did you want to be in the field of criminal justice? Maybe citizens and current students should question the ethics that many of these online degrees demonstrate. For a few extra dollars, entire courses of solutions are available on the internet, easily and legally, but maybe not ethically. Ethical or not, online resources and test banks continue to be a rapidly growing section of what today's young adults, in school, are searching for.
Students will admit to using the internet because they are better at it than their elderly instructors, a phenomena new to mankind. College students in a room of 100, 90 will have admitted to using the internet as a source of unfair advantage.
Online Courses give advantages.
Many online classes, offered by a University with a physical campus and well established history, are known to ask all students to come into class on the day of examination. This still does not prevent discussion and group support, not given to the physical class, and supposedly unknown to the professor, that will determine the bell-curve of the courses grades. It may be surprising to factor in the cost vs benefits of cheating. Not only is the quality of education effected, but so is the respect and integrity a student will want when looking for a job. Students are more likely to be caught looking off another students work, but only by a mere 3% according to an online college study and survey.

Typical "Online Classroom".
Research supports this theory. According to Senator Landrieu online courses have resulted in more A's than any other generation. The grades your parents made were because of hard work and the grades now are shaped on not studying and taking the easy way out. Online classes are growing at a rate of 10% each year, and the data for student loan debt was unknown, or rather, didn't want to be known. Over 7 million students participate in some sort of online educational program and the institutions are teaching the future academics important skills and experience to enter the career of their choice, the work force, or maybe prison. More important yet, is that even if these online classes have been described as 'remedial' or 'elementary,' what price can be set on being able to say you are a college graduate? For many this number is in the upper thousands.
Who is society to judge? The man who worked hard and studied hard because a lawyer, found it easy to find a marriage partner, and was able to feel superior because of his degrees. Systems for online education are fighting back by changing the test questions and randomly assigning questions, even still, the access to test information before the test is a problem which the internet is incredibly wonderful at solving, however, the students knowledge is now being used unethically, instead of ethically like in a pre-purchase evaluation, where one uses the internet to find information before a purchase, versus before an intelligence or course evaluation. College is not supposed to be easy and homework answers need to be done by hand, this is how learning has always been in the past. In the future however, teachers must be careful in even deciding what textbook to use and how to draw exam questions because online answers are free and easy, similar to the types of work short-cuts in education lead towards.

Doctorate of  Economic from Online Education and external support.

Academic dishonesty is a problem on campus, where supervisors are careful to catch wandering eyes, notes written on the desk, water bottles, and backwards hats and sunglasses. The teacher also acts as a disciplinarian, ensuring students stay focused throughout the period of the lecture. Online students are free to talk on their cell phones or even watch a movie during class, all while being considered in attendance. These are not the students we want to become our nations leaders, you aren't a doctor but you watched one on TV  as well as got a doctorate online doesn't qualify one to operate or perform surgery.
Professor, doctor, CEO, Ph.D, BS, BA, BSA. Martha Hubbard feels titles are irrelevant. She spent over hundred thousand dollars on various online learning institutions to be able to print out the most professional and intelligence-appearing business card imaginable. She insists that people, or as she calls them"dum-dum's" refer to her only as Mrs. Professor Doctor Hubbard the Master.
She claims to never have been one for many titles. What's more interesting is the extensive criminal history she has been active to hide as well as the tattoo of an insurance policy on her lower back. It wasn't noticeable at first, but as I saw her leave her car, the one with the bumper sticker that says "My other Doctorate is a Masters", I caught a glimpse of the history of one of the Internets most educated women.
Ethically, the question of the enormous financial price of these excellent institutions shows a glimpse into the society and culture a student is indebted in.